A large number of farmers in India depend on animal husbandry for their livelihood. In addition to supplying milk, meat, eggs,wool, their castings (dung) and hides, animals, mainly bullocks, are the major source of power for both farmers and drayers. Thus, animal husbandry plays an important role in the rural economy.Kupwara is one of the most backward and hilly district of the state with a total human population of 8.00 souls and out of this 75000 belongs to tribal community. The main occupation of the community is livestock rearing. Most of these families depend for their livelihood on these livestock and livestock products like milk ghee butter etc. Increasing population and with meager source of income has left the community in a state of instability. The extreme challenge before them is increasing demand but low production from their local nondescript animals. Since the these tribes lives in inaccessible and uncovered areas and also they migrate with their livestock to highland pastures during summer season, it is not possible to upgrade the local non-descript bovine population with exotic gene pool through the tools of AI at a faster rate which is need of the hour. The only alternate way to increase the production at a good pace is to introduce good number of high yielding crossbred cows and buffaloes at regular intervals.